METADATA: HOW IT WORKS

Metadata means literally information about data. Generally, a metadata tells about who, when, why and how the data has been generated. This information should be an essential component of any data as it helps to better understand the data, it facilitates their re-use and enable also their integration with other datasets. In fact, it is risky to use or interpret data without having a metadata that explains how the dataset was created, how it is structured, what is its geographical extent and whether it has underlying caveats whose awareness is important for using the data correctly.


Since its inception in late 2013, the IMS-GIS data centre has been promoting data documentation and open data, in order to improve sharing of information, stimulate collaborations, avoid duplication of effort, unlock the value of the data and build up knowledge upon somebody 'else results.

The IMS-GIS data centre adopted the International standard 19115 which describes all aspects of geospatial metadata and provides a comprehensive set of metadata elements that are widely used as the basis for geospatial metadata services. In order to make the data documentation a fairly straightforward process, the ISO 19115 was kept very simple and essentially only the compulsory aspects of the forms were retained. The metadata form is an excel file which contains also an explanation on how to fill each element requested by the form. The file has been reviewed recently as the IMS-GIS data centre moved from a very simple tool for discovering metadata (an online metadata search) to a proper Data Portal where the users not only can discover the metadata searching by keywords, themes (metadata topic categories) and organisations, but also access directly to the data (if in the public domain) or request them (if restricted).

The Falkland Islands data portal has adopted the Creative Commons licences and the summary below, sourced from Wikipedia and Creative Commons webpage, wants to provide an easy description of the licences to explain how they fit within the overall concept of open data. Whoever is a data owner is strongly encouraged to think about the type of data licences he/she wants to apply to the data and use the creative common selection tool (https://creativecommons.org/choose/). The legal details on the licences can be found at the Creative Commons webpage.

Creative Commons by Attribution (CC-BY)
A licence for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials. This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered.
Creative Commons by Attribution Share-Alike (CC-BY-SA)
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation and as long as they ensure that any data built upon original data is distributed under the same licence as the original. So if data are open also derived data will be open.
Creative Commons by Attribution-NonCommercial (CC-BY-NC)
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon your work, but not for commercial purposes. Additionally, others don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.
Creative Commons by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC-BY-NC-SA)
This license lets others remix, adapt, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.
Creative Commons by Attribution-NonDerivates (CC-BY-ND)
This license lets others reuse the work for any purpose, including commercially; however, it cannot be shared with others in adapted form, and credit must be provided to you.
Creative Commons by Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC-BY-NC-ND)
This license is the most restrictive of the six main licenses, only allowing others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.
FALKLAND ISLANDS OFFICE:
PO Box 609, Stanley Cottage North
Ross Road, Falkland Islands
Stanley, FIQQ 1ZZ
Falkland Islands: +500 27374
UK Office: +44 (0)203 745 1731
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